An automated teller machine (ATM) is a computerized telecommunications device that provides the customers of a financial institution with access to financial transactions in a public space without the need for a human clerk or bank teller. On most modern ATMs, the customer is identified by inserting a plastic ATM card with a magnetic stripe or a plastic smartcard with a chip, that contains a unique card number and some security information, such as an expiration date or CVC (CVV). Security is provided by the customer entering a personal identification number (PIN). They are sometimes referred to as "ATM machines," a technically redundant term.
British actor Reg Varney using the world's first ATM in 1967, located at a branch of Barclays Bank, Enfield. The system was developed by De La Rue.
* 세계 최초의 기계식 현금 출금기: 미국 뉴욕 시티 뱅크(City Bank of New York)주1가 1939년 뉴욕에 설치. 사용자가 거의 없어 6개월만에 철수.